A Guide To Architectural House Styles
What you'll find in this article...
Based on influences from European civic structures, western ranches and Native American design, you’re sure to love of these 13 architectural house styles.
Known for its distinctive use of shapes and color, the art deco style began in early 20th century France.
By the 1930’s, it had become a popular style in the United States, and permeated from architecture to interior design.
Art deco homes frequently employ shapes, lines and symmetry throughout their design, and are often easily recognized for their unique use of these elements.
With its roots in the classic New England style, Cape Cod homes reflect the colors, theme and general attitude of elegant beach cities.
Often referred to as cottages, these homes are based on the traditional design of small, 17th century, fishermen’s cottages. In the 1930’s, the architectural style experienced a revival, which added to the home design most frequently seen today.
Wood siding (frequently painted white), colored shutters, centered chimneys, steep roofs and rectangular floor plans give Cape Cod’s their distinctive look.
One of the most formal and ornate architectural styles found in the United States, neoclassical homes are frequently seen throughout the east coast, as well as many civic buildings across the country.
Based on the traditional architecture of ancient Rome and Greece, neoclassical homes are noted for their use of symmetry, columns, ornate entryways and grand scale.
Large, detailed pediments are often one of the most distinguishable aspects of this design style, adding size and grandeur to the overall theme.
Neoclassical homes were a popular choice along the East coast during the gilded age.
Designed after the traditional shape of homes on actual ranches, this architectural style is only found in the United States.
Known for low roofs, one story and asymmetry created by an emphasized garage and backyard, Ranch style houses attempt to merge the indoors and out, and were some of the first to feature sliding glass doors.
Typically found in suburbs, this is one of the most common home styles in America.
Born out of the American colonial period, these homes can be influenced by the original style of various European nations, including Dutch, German, Spanish and French.
Known for their noticeable use of columns, symmetry, molding and shutters, this home style is common along the East Coast of the United States, particularly in New England.
Don’t be fooled by the name, modern architectural style is actually based on design concepts from the 1950’s.
Known for its open floor plans, geometric lines and abandonment of ornate or excessive details, the modern home emphasizes function over ceremony.
This was also one of the first home styles to forgo traditional materials for steel, glass and concrete which is why they’re often called metal homes.
Inspired by French country homes, this architectural style is known for brick exteriors, tall, arched rooftops, at least two stories and 17th century French influences. Large, elegant and fashioned after European design, these homes are typically found in affluent suburbs and open areas, rather than cities.
Best seen in missions throughout California, as well as many homes in Florida, this style features tile roofs, arched hallways and porches, towers and neutral colored stucco.
Distinctively large, white and flanked by columns, this architectural style is based on Greek marble structures, and became popular in the United States around the early 1800’s.
Often found throughout the American South, these luxurious homes frequently feature detailed moldings and embellishments, evoking the ornate feeling of classic European architecture.
Their wood structure is often painted and covered in plaster, mimicking the smooth look of Greek stone buildings.
Gaining popularity in the mid-19th century, this home style takes inspiration from Italian design, and incorporates it into a uniquely American structure.
Known for their detailed ornamentation, Italianate homes are acknowledged less for their overall shape, and instead designed around key accents.
Windows are often tall and rounded, roofs are steep and frequently include a square tower and eaves typically reach out further than other styles.
Frequently found throughout the American Southwest, the pueblo style is highly distinguishable for its use of stucco, mimicking traditional adobe and ancient Native American design influences.
Becoming popular in the early 1900’s, pueblo homes feature courtyards, wooden accents and rounded windows and archways.
Wood incorporated into the style is typically left in a natural state, as seen in exposed beams and large, heavy front doors.
Specifically designed to fare well in cold weather, this home style is common in the American Mid-west and along the East coast.
Becoming popular in the early 1900’s, Tudor homes are easily distinguished by their half-timber framing, which creates stark lines running vertically and horizontally across the façade of the typically neutral colored home.
Steep roofs make them capable of withstanding heavy rain and snow, while large chimneys, decorated entryways and grouped windows add distinctive style.
Emerging during the reign of Queen Victoria in the mid to late 1800’s, these two to three story homes are frequently ornate in form and color.
Painted up to three or more shades to accentuate architectural details, Victorian homes feature textured, decorative exteriors, towers, large porches and “gingerbread” like trims.
Victorian homes are often compared to doll houses due to their extensive detailing.